Understanding the Risks of Leveraged ETFs and ETNs

While leveraged ETFs may appear enticing due to their potential for amplified returns, it is crucial to comprehend the significant risks associated with them.

Volatility Amplification
Leveraged ETFs are designed to magnify both gains and losses. By employing financial derivatives and borrowing techniques, they aim to deliver multiplied daily returns based on the underlying assets they track. However, please be aware that their unique characteristics make them unsuitable for most individual investors, as they can be prone to unexpected losses when the underlying index experiences significant fluctuations.

Compounding Effect
One critical factor to consider is the compounding effect in leveraged ETFs. Holding them for extended periods can erode long-term returns. The compounding of daily returns may lead to a decline in the fund’s value, even if the underlying index performs favorably over the same period. Thus, it is vital to evaluate the potential impact of compounding on your investment goals.

Short-Term Investment Vehicles
It’s important to note that leveraged ETFs are primarily designed for short-term trading strategies. Their daily resetting mechanism can result in significant tracking errors and diminished returns when held for more extended periods. As an investor, it is crucial to align your investment horizon with the intended purpose of these funds to mitigate potential risks.

Liquidity and Trading Costs
Another factor to consider is the liquidity of leveraged ETFs, particularly during volatile market conditions. Reduced liquidity can lead to wider bid-ask spreads and increased trading costs. Therefore, executing trades at favorable prices may become challenging, impacting the overall performance of your investment.

Lack of Predictability
It is important to recognize that leveraged ETFs’ performance can be challenging to predict due to their complex nature. Factors such as market volatility, interest rates, and compounding effects can influence their returns in ways that may not align with the movement of the underlying index. Comprehensive research and understanding of these factors are essential when considering leveraged ETFs.

We encourage you to thoroughly research and understand the mechanics of leveraged ETFs before considering them for investment purposes. Consulting with a qualified financial advisor who can provide personalized guidance based on your specific financial situation and goals is highly recommended.

Remember, your financial well-being depends on staying informed, making educated choices, and seeking professional advice when necessary.

Exchange-Traded Notes (ETN)

Exchange-Traded Notes (ETNs) are financial instruments that are traded on stock exchanges, similar to stocks or exchange-traded funds (ETFs). ETNs are debt instruments issued by financial institutions, such as banks, and their returns are linked to the performance of an underlying index or asset.

Here are some key characteristics of Exchange-Traded Notes:

Debt Instrument
ETNs are debt securities, meaning they represent a promise by the issuer (usually a bank) to pay the investor a return that reflects the performance of the underlying index or asset. When you invest in an ETN, you are essentially lending money to the issuer.

Return and Performance
The return of an ETN is determined by the performance of the underlying index or asset to which it is linked. The return can be positive or negative, depending on the performance of the index or asset. However, it’s important to note that ETNs do not own the underlying assets; instead, they derive their value from the performance of the index or asset.

Tracking an Index or Asset
ETNs are designed to track the performance of a specific index, commodity, currency, or other financial instruments. The returns of the ETN aim to replicate the performance of the underlying asset or index, usually on a daily basis.

Listed and Traded on Exchanges
ETNs trade on stock exchanges, just like stocks. They have ticker symbols and can be bought and sold throughout the trading day at market prices. The liquidity and tradability of ETNs depend on investor demand and the overall market conditions.

Credit Risk
ETNs carry credit risk associated with the issuer. If the issuer defaults or encounters financial difficulties, the investor may not receive the expected return or may even lose their investment. It’s important to consider the creditworthiness of the issuing institution before investing in an ETN.

Tax Treatment
ETNs may have different tax treatment compared to other investment products. It is recommended to consult with a tax professional or financial advisor to understand the tax implications of investing in ETNs.

It’s important to thoroughly read and understand the offering documents and prospectus of an ETN before investing. The specific terms, features, and risks associated with each ETN can vary, so conducting proper research and seeking advice from a financial professional are essential steps for making informed investment decisions.

FNGU and FNGD are a pair of exchange-traded products designed to provide leveraged exposure to the daily performance of the NYSE FANG+ Index.

The acronym FANG+ represents the following companies:

  1. Facebook Inc. (FB), now Meta Platforms (META)
  2. Amazon.com Inc. (AMZN)
  3. Netflix Inc. (NFLX)
  4. Alphabet Inc. (GOOGL and GOOG)
  5. Apple Inc. (AAPL)
  6. Baidu Inc. (BIDU)
  7. NVIDIA Corporation (NVDA)
  8. Alibaba Group Holding Limited (BABA)
  9. Tesla Inc. (TSLA)
  10. Twitter Inc. (TWTR)

The MicroSectors FANG+ 3X Leveraged ETN (Exchange-Traded Note) seeks to provide investors with three times (3x) leveraged exposure to the daily returns of the NYSE FANG+ Index. It is designed to amplify the daily performance of the index, both on the upside and downside. FNGU aims to deliver three times the daily return of the underlying index.

The MicroSectors FANG+ -3X Inverse Leveraged ETN is the inverse counterpart to FNGU. It is designed to provide investors with three times (-3x) inverse leveraged exposure to the daily returns of the NYSE FANG+ Index. This means that FNGD aims to deliver the opposite performance of the index, multiplied by three, on a daily basis. When the index goes down by 1%, FNGD seeks to increase by 3%, and vice versa.

It’s important to note that leveraged and inverse leveraged products like FNGU and FNGD are typically used for short-term trading strategies due to the compounding effect of daily returns. Holding them for an extended period can lead to significant deviations from the expected performance. These products also carry credit risk associated with the issuer, as they are debt securities.

Investors considering FNGU, FNGD, or any leveraged product should carefully assess their risk tolerance, investment goals, and consult with a financial advisor. Understanding the mechanics and potential risks of these products is crucial before investing.